The collection includes books and partial runs of journals. The primary imprints are from China (Harbin, Shanghai, Tientsin, Peking, Dairen) with a growing number from Japan. Materials printed in the Soviet Union/Russia Federation, China, and Australia also are collected if they cover any topic about the Russian period in Manchuria. A review of the rarer items by Amir Khisamutdinov may be found in "Russkaia pechat´ v Kitae. Opisanie redkikh izdanii v russkoi kollektsii Gamil´tonskoi biblioteki Gavaiskogo un-ta," Rossiiane v Azii, 1994, no. 1, p. 254-282 with introduction on the history of the collection by P. Polansky, p. 251-253.
The Russian materials printed in China are part of the Northeast Asia Collections. Arrangements for access are made through the Russian Bibliographer.
In the early 1970s P. Polansky began to acquire items that now form a special collection of Russian materials printed in China, a period of publishing from 1900 to 1949, that now holds over 1,200 items. The materials have been used by scholars around the world, including Japan, Russia, Finland, Australia, Israel. A catalog of this collection was published by the Russian State Library in Moscow in 2002: Russkaia pechat´ v Kitae [Russian publications in China, Japan, Korea?catalog] (Moskva: Pashkov Dom, 2002. 201 p.)