I. PROGRAM INFORMATION
The China Collection of the University of Hawaii at Manoa (UHM) presumably
started in 1922, the same year when the Chinese Department was established
and Professor Shan-Chang Lee was hired to teach Chinese history and Chinese
language courses. In 1935, the Oriental Institute was established by Dr.
Gregg M. Sinclair, and Prof. Lee was made responsible for the development
of the Chinese language collection in the Institute's new Oriental Library.
On sabbatical leave in China during 1935-36, Prof. Lee traveled throughout
the country and sought book donations from prominent Chinese. Upon his
return to the University of Hawaii, Prof. Lee reported that more than
20,000 Chinese stitched, bound volumes had been obtained for the Oriental
Library. A majority of these gifts were traditional materials on rice
paper, including encyclopedias, collectanea, and publications on history,
literature and philosophy, which formed the core of the Chinese language
collection. As of June 2001, the Chinese language collection had 134,888
volumes of monographs, 1,129 titles of current serials and 1953 titles
of inactive serials, 9518 pieces of microforms, and 181 pieces in other
The China Collection contains materials about China and the Chinese in
Chinese, western and other Asian languages. The Collection serves the
students and faculty of the University of Hawaii, the research staff of
the East-West Center, visiting scholars, as well as local community.
Currently, there are 38 China specialists in 26 departments in the humanities,
social sciences, and professional schools directly involved in teaching
over 150 China-related courses across the University curriculum. The University
offers China-focused master's degrees in 13 departments and doctorates
in nine departments. It is recognized that UHM offers greater breadth
and depth in Chinese Studies than any other institute for high education
outside of Asia.
The Center for Chinese Studies is one of nine area studies centers of
the School for Hawaiian, Asian and Pacific Studies. Undergraduate and
graduate students may obtain BA and MA degrees with a China focus through
the Asian Studies Program. Students may also choose to concentrate on
China through departmental disciplines. Degrees offered are MA/PhD Anthropology,
MA Asian Religion, BA/MA/PhD Chinese Language and Literature, MA Art History
(China focus), MA/PhD Geography, MA/PhD History, MA/PhD Linguistics, MA/PhD
Philosophy, MA/PhD Political Science, MA/PhD Sociology, MA/PhD Theater
& Dance, MA Communication (with a China emphasis). A certificate program
is also offered to both undergraduates and graduates in translation and
II. COORDINATION OF COLLECTING RESPONSIBILITIES
Materials about China and the Chinese in the social sciences and humanities
are collected. Science and technology materials are selected by and for
the Hamilton Library general collection. Selective materials on traditional
Chinese medicine are acquired. Materials about overseas Chinese are selected
by a variety of area subject selectors. Chinese in Hawaii by Hawaiian
selectors; Chinese in the United States by the subject selectors in the
Business, Humanities, and Social Sciences Department; and Chinese in other
Asian countries and other parts of the world by the China selector.
Selections and recommendations of audiovisual materials in all formats
on China and Taiwan are coordinated with the Wong AV Center selector.
Maps are acquired and housed in the Map Collection.
English language government publications on China are acquired by both
the library's Government Documents Collection and the Asia Collection.
United States and United Nations government documents on China are generally
not currently acquired by the Asia Collection. Retrospective files on
microfilm of Joint Publication Research Service (JPRS) publications on
China and Asia are held in the Asia Collection. Government documents from
the People's Republic of China and Taiwan are obtained by the China collection
and housed in the Asia Collection.
III. GUIDELINES TO MATERIALS COLLECTED OR EXCLUDED
Chinese language materials are acquired in Han Chinese.
Tribal languages of minority groups (Miao, Yao, Mongolian) are excluded.
Most of the Chinese language materials about Southeast Asia come through
CAPSEA. Japanese language publications about China are rapidly growing
in importance. Tibetan language materials on Buddhism are also collected;
the CAPSA program provides most of those currently published in India
(see South Asia statement.)
For western languages, English is preferred, but texts in other European
languages are also collected.
China is defined as the People's Republic of China,
including Tibet, Hong Kong and Macao; and Taiwan. Excluded are materials
about overseas Chinese, except those elsewhere in Asia.
Date of Publication:
No limitations. The emphasis for both Chinese
and western language material is on current imprints, but requests for
retrospective materials in any language are honored. Reprints of traditional
Chinese materials, journals, and newspapers are purchased when external
funding is available.
Standard textbooks for use by students for classroom
purposes are usually not purchased, except for language learning. A limited
number of basic textbooks are collected for research purposes, on request.
Literary anthologies and general history materials on China are collected.
Types/Formats of Materials Collected:
Most materials collected
are published monographs, serials, newspapers and pamphlets in hard copy.
Also collected are conference proceedings, unpublished conference papers,
and selective manuscripts. Theses and dissertations are acquired selectively.
Microforms are collected when hard copy is not available or replacement
of format is required. Electronic formats such as CD ROMs are selectively
Nearly all treatments of subjects, except textbooks,
in the humanities and social sciences. Science, technology and medicine
treatments are not collected.
Major Microform Holdings:
Examples in Chinese include newspapers
clippings of the Union Research Institute of Hong Kong, Tun-huang Manuscripts
held by the National Library of China (formerly the Peking Library), geneologies
of Southeast China, provincial government gazettes, and monographs and
journals which are not available in hard copy. Examples in English include
JPRS and FBIS materials housed in the Government Documents collection,
U.S. Department of State Consular records and archives of American religious
missions to China housed in the Hamilton Library microforms area.
IV. SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS
Collection strengths and weaknesses:
Three strong areas: local history of the Qing Dynasty
(1644-1911), intellectual history of the Republic period (1911-1949),
and contemporary China (1949-present). Research materials on Qing history
are focused on local history of the xian or prefecture level of the southeast
coastal provinces; geneologies of similar geographical areas; provincial
histories, especially Guangdong, Fujian, and Taiwan provinces; Taiping
Rebellion, peasant uprisings, and minority upheavals. Primary sources
of the dynasty are available. Biographical sources and law materials are
also represented. For the Republic period, academic journals published
between the late 1900s and 1930s, which are of particular significance
for research of intellectual history, have been comprehensively collected.
A long run of the Ge ming wen xian (Documents of the Revolution) published
since 1953 are on standing order. Complete holdings of the Zheng fu gong
bao (Government Gazette) at national level from 1911 to 1949, continued
to the present and issued in Taiwan are in the collection. Chronological
histories from 1894 to 1975 were acquired. Periodicals of archival sources
and documentation materials are on standing orders. The notable source
of contemporary China is the 1,000 plus reels of microfilmed news clippings
issued by the Union Research Institute in Hong Kong concerning politics,
military affairs, economy, and education and culture of the People's Republic
of China between 1949 and 1962. Publications on the Democratic Movement
in Beijing and Taiwan are being collected whenever they become available.
- Additional series of prefecture histories of
the southeast coastal provinces, expanded to include the mid-eastern provinces
is a long term project.
- Materials on
the Cultural Revolution, 1966-1976.
- Contemporary China's foreign relations
with the Pacific, U.S., and Russia.
- Materials on the Han and Sung dynasties.
- Special effort is made to acquire the electronic version of Si ku quan
shu (the Great Collection of Four Treasures), which cover classics, histories,
belles lettres and philosophy.
Language and Literature:
The Chinese language and literature collection
is also recognized to be sufficient to support PhD research in Chinese
linguistics and traditional fiction. Materials on traditional drama support
MA level research. The Chinese language department focuses its teaching
and research programs on Chinese dialects and language teaching. Materials
on dialects, including Mandarin, Taiwanese and Cantonese have been extensively
collected. A limited number of textbooks were collected for research purposes
upon request. Traditional short stories, drama, and classical novels in
Chinese have been acquired widely in support of academic studies. For
traditional fiction, annotated and punctuated versions are also added.
Thematic studies, commentaries, and criticism are widely selected.
- Chinese dialectal grammar and proceedings of dialect conferences.
- Reprints of Traditional Fiction Series and drama
Other Humanities Areas:
Much of the western language material
in support of advanced degree programs such as Chinese art history, Confucian
and Taoist philosophy, Buddhist and Taoist religions, and Peking opera
is in the HL general collection.
Dance, music, cinema, and Christianity in China.
Social Science Areas:
The demand for social science materials,
especially for current data, is increasing rapidly. While social science
topics and treatments are less well supported, special efforts have been
made to enhance the areas of economic reform, rural and urban economic
development, and Open Cities. Also being augmented are statistics, higher
education, politics, and socio-economic conditions of the Chinese minorities,
population problems, and demographic information. Deficiencies: Business,
tourism, communication, economic history of agriculture, geography, social
relations among ethnic groups, studies of political parties, housing problems,
family structure, women's studies, social change, performing arts, and
subscriptions to journals in these fields.
The China Collection comprises one of the oldest holdings in the Asia
Collection. Due to long-term usage and/or paper and adhesive material
used in Chinese publishing industry, many books have damaged and deteriorated.
In particular, the deterioration of the Chinese collectanea, largely language
and literature, is a major concern.
Date compiled: 11/01 Compiler: Susie Cheng